[4] He became fascinated by the theremin, an electronic instrument controlled by moving the hands over radio antennae. Robert Moog, the creator of the electronic music synthesizer that bears his name, which became ubiquitous among experimental composers and … [12] According to Sound on Sound, if Moog had created a monopoly on other synthesizer ideas he created, such as modularity, envelope generation, and voltage control, "it's likely the synth industry as we know it today would never have happened". [2] One innovative feature was its envelope, which controlled how notes swell and fade. This was followed in 1970 by a more portable model, the Minimoog, described as the most famous and influential synthesizer in history. When his last album Interview With Robert Moog … [7] New Scientist described it as the first commercial synthesizer. [4][6] He only patented his filter design; David Borden, one of the first users of the Minimoog, felt that if Moog had patented his pitch wheel design he would have become extremely wealthy. Moog's first marriage, to Shirleigh Moog, ended in divorce in 1994. He died a few months later, on August 21, in his home in North Carolina. He was the founder of Moog Music and the inventor of the first commercial synthesizer, the Moog synthesizer, debuted in 1964. [6] Moog sold the company to Norlin Musical Instruments, where he remained employed as a designer until 1977. The point is that I don't design stuff for myself. [6], In 1964, Moog began creating the Moog synthesizer. DEATH DATE Aug 21, 2005 (age 71) Birth Sign Gemini. John Kerry urges business leaders to invest in green jobs. They had limited resources, a primitive work facility in the corner of a dirt-floored airplane hangar, only a couple of potential customers, and one great product. Remains: Buried, Lou Pollack Cemetery, Asheville, NC. [4], In 1953, Moog produced his own theremin design, and the following year he published an article on the theremin in Radio and Television News. His marriage to Shirleigh Moog ended in divorce. Dr. Robert Moog. [6] The synthesizer was composed of separate modules which created and shaped sounds, connected by patch cords. Robert Moog was a pioneer in electronic music, the inventor of synthesizers that changed the course of popular music. Robert Moog Dies Robert Moog Dies. The Moog synthesizer was one of the first widely used electronic musical instruments. He was 71 years old when he died. [3], As a boy, Moog's parents forced him to study the harp, but he preferred his time in the workroom of his father, a Consolidated Edison engineer. Cause of Death; Date of Death; Year of Death; Age of Death; Lists; Posts tagged: Robert Moog. [8], Moog's development was driven by requests and suggestions from musicians including Richard Teitelbaum, Herb Deutsch, Vladimir Ussachevsky, and Wendy Carlos. A note might, for example, explode in a sudden burst, like a trumpet blast, or it could fade in at any number of speeds. Gender: Male. (Those instruments, in turn, were displayed in the 1980's by keyboard-contained digital devices by Kurzweil, Yamaha and others.). The so-called A.D.S.R. Boost Birthday May May 23, 1934. He also worked as a consultant and vice president for new product research at Kurzweil Music Systems, from 1984 to 1988. Robert Moog, the inventor of the Moog synthesizer has died at the age of 71 as a result of brain cancer at his home in North Carolina. Cause of death: Cancer - Brain. Early developmental work on the components of the synthesizer occurred at the Columbia-Princeton Electronic Music Center, now the Computer Music Center.While there, Moog developed the voltage controlled oscillators, ADSR envelope generators, and other synthesizer modules with composer Herbert Deutsch. The wave was sent to the next module, called an A.D.S.R. When Robert Moog invented a strange new electronic instrument, he never dreamed he would change the face of music - and scare people half to death. [5] According to the Guardian, his inventions "changed the complexion of the pop and classical music worlds". His particular specialty was the Ethervox, a version of the theremin, an eerie-toned instrument created by the Russian inventor Leon Theremin in the 1920's that allows performers to create pitches by moving their hands between two metal rods. AKA Robert Arthur Moog. [2] The synthesizer was followed in 1970 by a more portable model, the Minimoog, described as the most famous and influential synthesizer in history. He is credited for helping bring synthesizers to a wider audience and influencing the development of popular music. [7] In the early 1990s, he was a research professor of music at the University of North Carolina at Asheville. Problem solving depended on their two resources: persistence and creativity. Is Robert Moog still alive? Bob Moog. In 1949, aged 14, he built a theremin from plans printed in Electronics World. Robert Moog, the inventor of the Moog synthesiser, who has died of brain cancer aged 71, was a household name that was rarely pronounced correctly, and … [16] Moog received a Grammy Trustees Award for lifetime achievement in 1970. Robert Arthur „Bob” Moog (moʊɡ) (New York, 1934. május 23. Birth Chart of Robert Moog, Astrology Horoscope, Astro, Birthday, Gemini Horoscope of Celebrity. It was the theremin, in fact, that got Mr. Moog interested in electronic music as a child in the 1940's. The displays include rare theremins, prototype synthesizer modules, and Moog's documents. Robert Moog died on August 21, 2005 at the age of 71. Born on May 23, 1934 Moog attended the Bronx High School of Science in New York, graduating in 1952. In the same year, he founded RA Moog, selling theremins and theremin kits by mail order from his home. 1994; three daughters, one son), This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 01:55. Mr. Moog was familiar with the huge synthesizers in use at Columbia University and RCA and those that European composers were experimenting with, and his goal was to create instruments that were both more compact and accessible to musicians. [6] Moog's name became so associated with electronic music that it was sometimes used as a generic term for any synthesizer. – Asheville, Észak-Karolina, 2005. augusztus 21.) [2] He also worked as a consultant and vice president for new product research at Kurzweil Music Systems from 1984 to 1988. [2] In later years, he designed electronic instruments including a piano operated by touchscreen. [2], Moog has had a lasting influence on music. Location of death: Asheville, NC. He was 71. Share Followers 0. And with the advent of progressive rock in the early 1970's, the sound of the Moog synthesizer and its imitators became ubiquitous. Sergeant James Robert Moog, the senior of all men in the Baltimore Police Department, a Morgan Cavalryman [**] during the Civil War, and founder of Baltimore Police Department's Mounted Police Unit circa 1888 died in Mercy Hospital late last night [27 February 1931] following an operation for appendicitis. [21], American engineer and electronic music pioneer, University of North Carolina at Asheville, Polytechnic Institute of New York University, "Robert Moog, Creator of Music Synthesizer, Dies at 71", "Robert Moog Dies; Created Electronic Synthesizer", "Clear Some Space on Your Synth Rack: The Minimoog Returns", "Obituary: Robert Moog, 71, creator of music synthesizer", "The Laureates of the Polar Music Prize 2017 are...", "Google Outdoes Itself With Moog Synthesizer Doodle (Play It Here)", "Family feud continues over Moog archives", "There's now a museum dedicated to Robert Moog and synthesis called the Moogseum", The Bob Moog Memorial Foundation for Electronic Music, Descriptive list of Moog patents by J. Donald Tillman, Twelve Microtonal Etudes for Electronic Music Media, Studio for Electronic Music (WDR, Cologne), Studio di fonologia musicale di Radio Milano, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Robert_Moog&oldid=990883175, Columbia School of Engineering and Applied Science alumni, Cornell University College of Engineering alumni, Queens College, City University of New York alumni, University of North Carolina at Asheville faculty, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Shirleigh Moog (m. 1958, div. [20], In August 2019, the Bob Moog Foundation opened the Moogseum, a museum dedicated to Moog's work, in Asheville, North Carolina. Born: 23-May - 1934. When he moved to North Carolina, in 1978, he started Big Briar, to make new devices, and he renamed the company Moog Music when he bought back the name in 2002. He tinkered with the instrument until he produced a design of his own in 1953, and in 1954 he published an article on the theremin in "Radio and Television News" and started the R. A. Moog Company, which sold his own theremins and theremin kits. Robert Arthur Moog commonly called Bob Moog was an American pioneer of electronic music, best known as the inventor of the Moog synthesizer.He was credited with creating the first practical synthesizer, the Moog synthesizer, as well as other electronic equipment related to the production, performance, and recording of popular music. In July of 1951, Bill Moog, Art Moog, and Lou Geyer pooled $3,000 and opened Moog Valve. I design things that other people want to use. In later years, Moog taught at the University of North Carolina at Asheville, and worked on designs for further instruments. Pascal Wyse reports The foundation offered her $100,000, but Grams-Moog said she would not sell them. Moog was diagnosed with a glioblastoma multiforme brain tumor on April 28, 2005. Most Popular. [7] It was much smaller than other synthesizers, such as the RCA Synthesizer introduced a decade earlier, and much cheaper, at $10,000USD compared to the six-figure sums of other synthesizers. Birthplace New York City, NY . Robert Arthur Moog (/moʊɡ/ MOHG; May 23, 1934 – August 21, 2005) was an American engineer and pioneer of electronic music. [4] Moog debuted the instrument at the 1964 Audio Engineering Society convention in New York. He was the founder of Moog Music and the inventor of the first commercial synthesizer, the Moog synthesizer, debuted in 1964. For most listeners, though, it was a crossover album, Walter Carlos's "Switched-On Bach," that ushered the instrument into the spotlight. Music Visionary Robert Moog, 1934-2005. The foundation responded that it had sufficiently preserved the collection and made efforts to improve storage, though it could not yet afford to build the museum. Robert Moog zodiac sign was gemini. [6] He believed that practicality and affordability were the most important parameters. Using these modules and others that Mr. Moog went on to create, a musician could either imitate acoustic instruments or create purely electronic sounds. In 1971, Mr. Moog sold his company, Moog Music, to Norlin Musical Instruments Inc., but he continued to design instruments for the company until 1977. A collection of Bach transcriptions, meticulously recorded one line at a time, "Switched-On Bach" was meant to persuade casual listeners who regarded synthesizers as random noise machines that the instrument could be used in thoroughly musical ways. a Moog Music alapítója, az elektronikus zene amerikai úttörője, akit elsősorban a szintetizátorgyártó Moog cég alapítójaként és fő tervező mérnökeként ismernek. By bazooka, August 23, 2005 in Music News. [15] In 2002, he renamed Big Briar to Moog Music after buying back the rights to the name. He also expanded on his original monophonic models, which could play only a single musical line at a time, to polyphonic instruments that allowed for harmony and counterpoint. No, he died on 08/21/2005, 15 years ago. The first module, an oscillator, would produce a sound wave, giving a musician a choice of several kinds, ranging from the gracefully undulating purity of a sine wave to the more complex, angular or abrasive sounds of square and sawtooth waves. The now-famous Moog filter was suggested by several musicians. The Beatles used the synthesizer to adorn several tracks on the "Abbey Road" album, most notably John Lennon's "Because," Harrison's "Here Comes the Sun" and Paul McCartney's "Maxwell's Silver Hammer.". The Fed downplays the chance that it will limit banks from oil and gas lending. Robert Moog was a generous, kind person, extraordinarily competent engineer. [9][10][11], Though commentators have praised Moog's engineering abilities, they described him as a poor businessman. [6] By the end of the decade, Moog Music was facing competition from cheaper, easier-to-use instruments by competitors including Arp, Aries, Roland and E-mu. Cause of death: brain cancer. Robert Moog, the inventor whose synthesiser electrified the 1960s, dies of cancer aged 71 ... "He's like an Einstein of music," Mr Carlini said, shortly before Moog's death. (attack-decay-sustain-release) envelope generator, with which the player defined the way a note begins and ends, and how long it is held. He died in New York City What was Robert's zodiac sign? The Monkees used the instrument as early as 1967, on their "Pisces, Aquarius, Capricorn and Jones, Ltd." Album. Mr. Moog's earliest instruments were collections of modules better suited to studio work than live performance, and as rock bands adopted them, Mr. Moog expanded his line to include the Minimoog and the Micromoog, instruments that could be used more easily on stage. He died on August 21, 2005 at the age of 71 in Asheville, North Carolina. Electronic music pioneer Bob Moog, creator of the Minimoog synthesizer revolutionized the sound and the role of keyboardists.Before Moog's invention, synthesizers were big, unruly instruments that could easily take up a whole room (laboratory). Birthplace: Flushing, NY. Example sentences with "Robert Moog", translation memory. Moog created fundamental synthesizer concepts such as the pitch wheel, modularity, envelope generation, and voltage control. The cause of death was a brain tumor, according to his daughter Michelle Moog-Koussa. "Artist feedback drove all my development work," Mr. Moog said in an interview with the online magazine Salon in 2000. He died on August 21, 2005 at the age of 71 in Asheville, North Carolina. Share. [2] He graduated from the Bronx High School of Science in 1952. In 2004, Mr. Moog was the subject of "Moog," a documentary by the filmmaker Hans Fjellestad. [6] At the time, synthesizers were enormous, room-filling instruments;[7] Moog hoped to build a more compact synthesizer that would appeal to musicians. "Bob Moog embodies the archetypal American maverick inventor," Mr. Fjellestad wrote when the film was released. In 1971, Moog sold Moog Music to Norlin Musical Instruments, where he remained as a designer until 1977. Cyril Lance shows you how to tickle your plastic laptop keys like a pro. Born Robert Arthur Moog, May 23, 1934, in New York, NY; died of brain cancer, August 21, 2005, in Asheville, NC. Robert Moog was a pioneer in electronic music, the inventor of synthesizers that changed the course of popular music. Robert Moog was diagnosed with a brain tumor in April 2005. Robert Moog was born in New York City on May 23, 1934, and grew up in Flushing, Queens. [4], At Cornell, Moog began work on his first synthesizer modules with composer Herb Deutsch. In 1978, Mr. Moog moved from western New York to North Carolina, where he started a new company, Big Briar (later Moog Music), that produced synthesizer modules and alternative controllers - devices other than keyboards, with which musician could play electronic instruments. Moog’s Chief Engineer Shows You How To Play the Google Doodle. Bob’s innovative spirit continues to inspire us each day here in the Moog Factory, and we are forever grateful to be a part of this creative legacy. Robert Moog, the father of the musical synthesizer and founder of a company once based in Western New York, has died at the age of 71. Robert Moog was born on May 23, 1934 and died on August 21, 2005. Birthday May May 23, 1934. He attended the Bronx High School of Science and earned undergraduate degrees in physics from Queens College and electrical engineering from Columbia University. She said Cornell could provide better access for researchers, and that the foundation had not made enough progress toward a planned museum to be worthy of keeping the collection. The first Moog synthesizers were collections of modules, connected by electronic patch cords, something like those that connect stereo components. Moog synthesizers - front view, Robert Moog booth - National Inventors Hall of Fame and Museum, USPTO building in Alexandria, Virginia, 2014-09-24.jpg 640 × 640; 165 KB Multiply Touch Sensitive Keyboard prototype.jpg 3,872 × 2,592; 5.51 MB Even so, by the end of the 1970's, Mr. Moog's instruments were being supplanted by those of competing companies like Arp, Aries, Roland and Emu, which produced synthesizers that were less expensive, easier to use and more portable. He received the Polar Music Prize in 2001 and a Special Merit/Technical Grammy Award in 2002. August 22, 2005 • Robert Moog, a pioneer of electronic music, has died. Among jazz musicians, Herbie Hancock, Jan Hammer and Sun Ra adopted the synthesizer quickly. Mr. Moog was born in New York City on May 23, 1934, and although he studied the piano while he was growing up in Flushing, Queens, his real interest was physics. A keyboard, attached to this setup, let the performer control when the oscillator produced a tone, and at what pitch. Read more on Wikipedia. [2] His other early customers included choreographer Alwin Nikolais and composer John Cage. [6] Moog described himself as a toolmaker, designing things for his users, not himself. Robert Moog: his birthday, what he did before fame, his family life, fun trivia facts, popularity rankings, and more. Robert Moog, the creator of the electronic music synthesizer that bears his name and that became ubiquitous among both experimental composers and rock musicians in the 1960's and 1970's, died on Sunday at his home in Asheville, N.C. [14], In 1978, Moog moved to North Carolina and founded a new electronic instrument company, Big Briar. In 1949, when he was 14, he built a theremin from plans he found in a magazine, Electronics World. [2] Universities established electronic music laboratories with Moog synthesizers. Robert Arthur Moog ( MOHG; May 23, 1934 – August 21, 2005) was an American engineer and pioneer of electronic music. In 1978, he founded the company Big Briar, and in 2002 renamed it Moog Music after buying back the rights to the name. [18] In 2012, to celebrate Moog's birthday, Google created an interactive version of the Minimoog as its Google Doodle. RALEIGH, N.C. (AP) - Robert A. Moog, whose self-named synthesizers turned electric currents into sound and opened the music al wave that became electronica, has died. [19], On July 18, 2013, Moog's widow Ileana Grams-Moog said she planned to give her husband's archives, maintained by the Bob Moog Foundation, to Cornell University. It might seem like hyperbole to say that Bob Moog was destined for electronic instrument engineering. [17] In 2013, Moog was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame. Birthplace New York City, NY . Robert Moog, (the name rhymes with vogue) died August 21 at age 71, but his impact on music was permanent and profound. In early 1969, George Harrison of the Beatles had a Moog synthesizer installed in his home and released an album of his practice tapes, "Electronic Sound," that May. Robert Moog (1934-2005) Electronic music pioneer and inventor from the United States – Robert Moog was born in New York City (largest city in the United States) on May 23rd, 1934 and died in Asheville (county seat of Buncombe County, North Carolina, United States) on August 21st, 2005 at the age of 71. [2], Moog completed a bachelor's degree in physics from Queens College and a master's degree in electrical engineering from Columbia University before earning a Ph.D. in engineering physics from Cornell University in 1965. I'm a toolmaker. Works. [6], Moog's first marriage, to Shirleigh Moog, ended in divorce in 1994. Recent Posts. Today Robert Moog would be 86 years old. Robert Moog, the creator of the electronic music synthesizer that bears his name and that became ubiquitous among both experimental composers and rock musicians in the 1960's and 1970's, died … Robert Moog était un homme généreux, gentil, un ingénieur extraordinairement compétent. Robert Moog (pronounced mogue) was credited with creating the first practical synthesizer, the Moog synthesizer, as well as other electronic equipment related to the production, performance, and recording of popular music. [2] In 2004, Moog was the subject of Moog, a documentary by Hans Fjellestad, who said in 2004 that Moog "embodies the archetypal American maverick inventor". envelope, which is now a basic element in all contemporary synthesizers and programmable keyboard instruments, was originally specified in 1965 by Vladimir Ussachevsky, then head of the Columbia Princeton Electronic Music Center. Robert Moog, who has died aged 71, built the first voltage-controlled synthesizer, an electronic music machine which has had an extraordinary … Robert Arthur "Bob" Moog (/ˈmoʊɡ/ MOHG; May 23, 1934 – August 21, 2005), founder of Moog Music, was an American engineer and pioneer of electronic music, best known as the inventor of the Moog … Mr. Moog is survived by his wife, Ileana, and his children, Laura Moog Lanier, Matthew Moog, Michelle Moog-Koussa, Renee Moog and Miranda Richmond. Ms. Carlos's sequels included the haunting Purcell and Beethoven transcriptions used in the Stanley Kubrick film, "A Clockwork Orange. ", University music schools quickly established electronic music labs built around the Moog synthesizer, and composers like Richard Teitelbaum, Dick Hyman and Walter Carlos (who later had a sex-change operation and is now Wendy Carlos) adopted them. [14], Moog's awards include honorary doctorates from Polytechnic Institute of New York University (New York City), Lycoming College (Williamsport, Pennsylvania), and Berklee College of Music. He was 71. Personal life. [2][5] One of his customers, Raymond Scott, rewired Moog's theremin for control by keyboard, creating the Clavivox. From there, the sound went to a third module, a filter, which was used to shape its color and texture. Robert Arthur “Bob” Moog died on August 21, 2005 at the age of 71, he is the founder of Moog Music, was an American engineer and pioneer of electronic music, best known as the inventor of the Moog synthesizer. [2] He said he would have left earlier if his contract had not required him to remain employed there for four years to cash his stock. May 23, 2012 | By Fritz Holznagel. Death. "The first synthesizers I made were in response to what [composer] Herb Deutsch wanted. His only patent was on his filter design; commentators have speculated that he would have become extremely wealthy had he patented his other innovations, but that their availability in the public domain helped the synthesizer industry flourish. [4], Moog was diagnosed with a glioblastoma multiforme brain tumor on April 28, 2005. AT&T now has 17.2 million HBO Max customers. Recommended Posts. Robert Moog. Died: 21-Aug - 2005. [7] Whereas the RCA Synthesizer was programmed with punchcards, Moog's synthesizer could be played via keyboard, making it attractive to musicians. The BBC describes him as a pioneer of synthesized sound. [13], In 1971, following a recession, Moog Music took on investors, merged with another company, and moved to "less than ideal" premises in Buffalo. Robert Moog, Music Synthesizer Creator, Dies. At the height of his synthesizer's popularity, when progressive rock bands like Yes, Tangerine Dream, Kraftwerk, and Emerson, Lake and Palmer built their sounds around the assertive, bouncy, exotically wheezy and occasionally explosive timbres of Mr. Moog's instruments, his name (which rhymes with vogue) became so closely associated with electronic sound that it was often used generically, if incorrectly, to describe synthesizers of all kinds. Bob Moog (1934-2005) was an innovator in the world of electronic music for more than 50 years, expanding the boundaries of sonic expression and affecting the lives of musicians and music lovers around the globe. Engineer and inventor. Inventor #146679. ", Rock groups were attracted to the Moog as well. By the time he completed his Ph.D in engineering physics at Cornell University, in 1965, his theremin business had taken off, and he had started working with a composer, Herbert Deutsch, on his first synthesizer modules. He was survived by his second wife, Ileana, four children, one stepdaughter, and five grandchildren. stemming. add example.