et barn (a child), et bord (a table) etc. It is therefore not surprising that this early research encompassed interest in variation in the gender category and the closely related noun in-flection system. Grammatical gender refers to a type of noun classification. ', Han har to hus. Select Page. Nouns on the other hand, have a norwegian nouns list gender two options, the of. Norwegian articles and gender - demystified. Norwegian Nouns. 'I don't like the people in the class. by | Jan 21, 2021 | Uncategorized | Jan 21, 2021 | Uncategorized Adjectives referring back to singular neuter nouns usually end in -t. Feminine nouns. En bil 'a car' becomes bilen 'the car'; en mann 'a man' becomes mannen 'the man'. From my knowledge, most words in Norwegian are of masculine gender (en article) or neutral gender (et).There is a small group of feminine gender (ei) words that can be only feminine by nature.Such as a girl, a wife, a hag, a hen, a cow.It is not completely wrong to use them with masculine article (en), but I guess it’s unusual. Norwegian Gender. Most feminine nouns can also be used as masculine nouns, but not vice versa. . These nouns are referred to as common gender nouns. Gender in Norwegian is mainly expressed inside the noun phrase (and on predicative adjectives, not discussed in this article). Norwegian Nouns. List of Genders of Nouns! Nouns are usually the most important part of vocabulary. norwegian nouns list. Not really. To avoid this problem, try using verbs and nouns creatively. Table of Contents [ hide] New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast. (masculine), Jentene er ute og går. ” its usage is far broader grammatical genders ( in Norwegian belong to norwegian nouns list gender: ‘ masculine ’ ‘., as well as feminine and masculine forms marking of feminine having disappeared or nearly disappeared are the grammatical (. They are masculine, feminine or neutral. Pages in category "Norwegian Bokmål nouns with multiple genders" The following 166 pages are in this category, out of 166 total. Examples: Huset er stort. report. 'The window is open.'. Definition and synonyms of Norwegian from the online English dictionary from Macmillan Education.. Adjectives are often used to describe the degree of modification. ei jente (a girl), ei klokke (a clock) etc. Jeg har to biler. These are all examples of indefinite articles in Norwegian and are the equivalents of the English a or an . There are three genders in the Norwegian language: masculine (hankjønn), feminine (hunkjønn) and neuter (intetkjønn). Feminine forms are used mainly in spoken colloquial Norwegian. Each gender has several patterns, not to mention that there are plenty of irregular nouns as well. Nouns in Norwegian (Bokmål) have two genders, masculine and neuter, which adjectives must agree with when modifying nouns. Norwegian genders. Technically there is a third gender, feminine (which Nynorsk retains), but since feminine nouns can be written as masculine nouns, I'm including feminine nouns … Dama satt på trappa og koste med katta. (-et words, except monosyllables - see below) . Archived. Possessive pronouns come in three patterns: Pattern 1 uses essentially a personal pronoun plus -s (see Personal pronouns in Norwegian); these forms have no inflection reflecting the noun for the item possessed(as opposed to patterns 2 and 3): Pattern 2is constituted by and these forms inflect as follows reflecting the noun for the item possessed: Pattern 3 has one item, vår('our'), for first person plural, which has the pattern:. Neuter. Bull, Junttila & Pedersen’s (1986) investigation of variation I made a chart to represent Norwegian noun genders. So while learning a noun, remember the article associated with it (and you will recognize the gender). The only thing that may cause problems for English learners is the use of a / an, and some irregular plural forms.. On clicking on the icon below, you will come to the Sparrer: Instructions for its use are found at Classroom:Norwegian Grammar Checking. Norwegian Bokmål has three genders - feminine, masculine and neuter. As in common gender words the -a form is the more conservative and colloquial. (feminine), Jeg har to katter. en lærer - læreren - lærere. 'The houses are nice.' 'I have pain in the legs.' I made a chart to represent Norwegian noun genders. Start learning Norwegian with these words! List of Feminine in Norwegian. Welcome to the fifth Norwegian lesson about gender.This time we will view a list of people, feminine and masculine, followed by grammar rules, finally a list of expressions in Norwegian to help you practice your daily phrases. There are three genders in Norwegian: Masculine. It is not easy to find out if a noun is masculine, feminine or neuter in Norwegian. Vinduet er åpent. Gender and noun inflection in Northern Norway 3 Norwegian is a gender language, and Sámi and Kven are non-gender languages. The plural forms of the feminines and most masculines are identical. (common i.e. Agreement in Norwegian noun phrases, Past and Perfective patterns in Norwegian, Verb - Preposition expressions in Norwegian, --Lars Hellan (talk) 21:04, 27 December 2015 (CET), https://typecraft.org/w/index.php?title=Gender_in_Norwegian_nouns&oldid=16291. Sort by. Noen, noe and ingen. Norwegian terms that indicate people, beings, things, places, phenomena, qualities or ideas. At least we Norwegians think they do. Example: (m) gutter - gutta/guttene (boys - the boys) (n) ører - øra/ørene (ears - the ears) People will definetely understand you if you only use the masculine form, but if your goal is to learn Norwegian I suggest you study the 20 …. For these words we use the term 'common gender'. Husene er pene. 'He has two houses (one syllable neuter word), Han drakk to glass øl. They follow the gender of the noun or the nominal clause they are describing as the function of adjectives is to describe nouns or nominal clauses. The neuters fall into two groups, depending on the number of syllables in the indefinite form, singular. These little words, or sometimes, just parts of words, add context and clarity to nouns. Each noun is associated with one specific gender only. Close. (neuter), Kattene (the cats),  guttene (the boys),  jentene (the girls), vinduene (the windows). Overview. 'The children are good.'. 'The house is big.' Get your learning hat on. Norwegian Nouns. Below is a list of objects, can you determine whether they're feminine, masculine or plural in Norwegian? From Wikibooks, open books for an open world < Norwegian. You can say: ei dame 'a lady' - dam a 'the lady', or: en dame - dam en. Welcome to the third Norwegian lesson about nouns.This time we will first learn about fruits and vegetables, followed by grammar rules, then food items, finally a conversation in Norwegian to help you practice your daily phrases. Archived. In general there are no logical rules. There are three genders in Norwegian: Masculine. (In some versions of Norwegian there are only two options, the marking of feminine having disappeared or nearly disappeared. Most feminine nouns can also be used as masculine nouns, but not vice versa. In these versions, one sometimes refers to the remaining non-neuter gender as ‘common gender’. Usually, we cannot tell which gender a noun is, just by looking at it. To avoid this problem, try using verbs and nouns creatively. The problematic thing in Norwegian is that it has, like most other Indo-European languages, several genders. (one syllable neuter word). Bilene står utenfor huset. 'The houses are nice.' Learning the Norwegian Nouns displayed below is vital to the language. I made a chart to represent Norwegian noun genders. This is the Norwegian Core 100 List. is not pronounced. Common gender divisions include masculine and feminine; masculine, feminine, and neuter; or animate and inanimate. 'I don't like the people in the class. 'The house has four windows.' When a gender is applied to a noun that can be either masculine or feminine i.e. In English the -s ending means plural, and the is the definite article. The next lesson is below. Norwegian (Norwegian: norsk) is a North Germanic language spoken mainly in Norway, where it is an official language.Along with Swedish and Danish, Norwegian forms a dialect continuum of more or less mutually intelligible local and regional varieties; some Norwegian and Swedish dialects, in particular, are very close. Posted by 3 years ago. 15 comments. This page relates to the application A Norwegian Grammar Sparrer, see A Norwegian Grammar Sparrer. Gender – a grammatical category of the noun, which reflects the biological category of sex of the noun referent. List of Genders of Nouns! (colloquial/spoken), Jeg liker ikke folkene i klassen. Each noun is associated with one specific gender only. share. 'I have many animals. I.e "en hund" or "ett äpple". Memorizing this table will also help you add very useful and important words to your Norwegian vocabulary. ', Et dyr - to dyr 'an animal - two animals', Jeg har mange dyr. Unfortunately, there is not just one way to inflect a noun per gender. ', Jeg liker ikke folka i klassen. Gender and noun inflection in Northern Norway 3 Norwegian is a gender language, and Sámi and Kven are non-gender languages. I made a chart to represent Norwegian noun genders. Note the articles in above. This thread is archived. 'The girls are out walking.' Common gender divisions include masculine and feminine; masculine, feminine, and neuter; or animate and inanimate. (common i.e. Monosyllabic Indefinite neuter nouns e.g. 15 comments. Feminine nouns []. These are the grammatical genders (in Norwegian: kjønn) of the nouns. The masciline (en) form is more conservative and literary. Norwegian Bokmål nouns that belong to more than one gender. level 1. Feminine. 'There are two tables in the sitting room. Det er to bord i stua. (coloquial/spoken), Gata var lang og natta var mørk, den unge dama... 'The street was long and the night was dark...' (colloquial/spoken), Damen satt på trappen og koste med katten. I don't think there are any tricks for working it out, and its just a case of learning nouns with the gender. In general there are no logical rules. Feminine forms are used mainly in spoken colloquial Norwegian. 'The cars are (lit. It is therefore not surprising that this early research encompassed interest in variation in the gender category and the closely related noun in-flection system. ei dør (a door) døra dører dørene ei jente (a girl) jenta jenter jentene. 29. Category:Norwegian noun forms: Norwegian nouns that are inflected to display grammatical relations other than the main form. Posted by 3 years ago. The table contains 3 columns (English, Norwegian, and Audio). (In some versions of Norwegian there are only two options, the marking of feminine having disappeared or nearly disappeared. We learnt the important concept of the gender of Norwegian nouns i.e Hankjønn, Hunkjønn and Intetkjønn. However, nearly all feminine words can also be used as masculine words. 'He drank two glasses of beer.' ', A few nouns almost always take the -a form: barn 'child', bein / ben 'bone/leg', dyr 'animal', ku 'cow', Barna er snille. Fundamental » All languages » Norwegian » Lemmas » Nouns. We have to learn it for each noun. The problematic thing in Norwegian is that it has, like most other Indo-European languages, several genders. Norwegian Bokmål has three genders - feminine, masculine and neuter. The inflection of nouns in the Norwegian language depends on which gender the noun is. Adjectives referring back to singular neuter nouns usually end in -t. Which form you chose has to do with your style. norwegian adjectives list Home; About; Schedules; News & Events; Contact Us Common nouns in Norwegian belong to a gender: ‘masculine’, ‘feminine’ or ‘neuter’. In written Norwegian, (fiction - techinical - official language) the masculine form tends to be used more. the distinction between masculine and feminine genders has been lost, this is what is called a Common Gender. We have seen that it is the article associated with a noun that helps us to understand it’s gender. 'The lady sat on the steps cuddling the cat.' hide. Nøytrum. That way it will sound wrong if you try to say "ett hund" The only thing that may cause problems for English learners is the use of a / an, and some irregular plural forms.. These articles help to identify the gender of the noun. The first thing you should know is that Norwegian adjectives do not have a gender of their own. best. In fact the dialect of Bergen, which is the second largest city in Norway, has no feminine gender, the same goes for the moderate version of Bokmål and Riksmål (the traditional written form of Bokmål … See en gutt (a boy), en bil (a car) etc. Neuter. Bull, Junttila & Pedersen’s (1986) investigation of variation The cats are sleeping.' The most common articles in the Norwegian language is en, ei and et which you place before nouns according to their gender (note that for feminine Norwegian nouns you can choose to use ei or en). hus have no ending in the plural, with a couple of exceptions. For these words we use the term 'common gender'. The gender of a noun reveals itself in the form of the inflections for number and definiteness; typical forms of the suffixes are as indicated below (note that 'indefinite singular' has no suffix): The gender also can show itself in agreement. Here we will assume the three-gender system.) In a few languages, the gender assignment of nouns is solely determined by their meaning or attributes, like biological sex, humanness, or animacy. best. Overview. I.e. (feminine), Kattene sover. Gender of Nouns . Select Page. From my knowledge, most words in Norwegian are of masculine gender (en article) or neutral gender (et).There is a small group of feminine gender (ei) words that can be only feminine by nature.Such as a girl, a wife, a hag, a hen, a cow.It is not completely wrong to use them with masculine article (en), but I guess it’s unusual. It contains the most important and most frequently used Norwegian words. 'standing') outside the house.' Norwegian/Appendix 1. Learn the Gender of Nouns and useful list of Masculine and Feminine words in English with picture and video. et armbånd, arm+bånd (bracelet), et kjøleskap kjøle+skap (fridge/ literally cool cupboard, etc. Noen, noe and ingen. It is not easy to find out if a noun is masculine, feminine or neuter in Norwegian. Any good dictionary will provide the noun's gender. The Norwegian nouns on the other hand, have a grammatical gender. Want to know why I keep emphasizing on the gender and article of … A few masculine and feminine words follow the same rule: en ting - to ting, en sko - to sko, ei/ei mus - to mus, {"serverDuration": 114, "requestCorrelationId": "12a577b11372f224"}. However, nearly all feminine words can also be used as masculine words. As far as patterns, committing them to memory would require more effort than simply just remembering the article along with the noun, and many of the rules apply to the Old Norse form of the word. (conservative/literary), Husa er pene. masculine and feminine), Huset har fire vinduer. report. Gender – a grammatical category of the noun, which reflects the biological category of sex of the noun referent. However, here is a little help. Common nouns in Norwegian belong to a gender: ‘masculine’, ‘feminine’ or ‘neuter’. I haven't leant any Norwegian, but ive been learning Swedish, and I'm told they're similar. Neuter compound words where the last element is a monosyllabic neuter word follow the rule of monosyllabic neuter nouns e.g. (masculine), Han liker unge jenter. 'He  likes young girls.' 'I have two cars.' norwegian nouns list. This thread is archived. Neuter nouns have a choice in the Definite plural between -ene and -a. Jeg har vondt i beina. Articles! save. Let’s look at an example from each of the genders to see how they’re inflected. by | Jan 21, 2021 | Uncategorized | Jan 21, 2021 | Uncategorized Learn the Gender of Nouns and useful list of Masculine and Feminine words in English with picture and video. hide. (conservative/literary), Gaten var lang og natten var mørk, den unge damen... (conservative/literary), However, there are common gender words that almost exclusively take the feminine form (ei in the singular Indefinite and -a in the singular Definite):  jente 'girl', kjerring 'old woman (derogatory)', hytte 'hut/cabin/summer house', bikkje 'dog', geit 'goat', ku 'cow', høne 'hen', gate 'street', bygd 'village/settlement', li 'hillside', myr 'bog', mark, meadow, øy 'island'. Nouns ending in er only take -e in the Indefinite plural, e.g. Norwegian genders. In relation to this classification, most European languages can be assigned to one of the following four categories (Braun, Oakhill, & Garnham,2011): grammatical gender (e.g., French), combination of grammatical and natural gender (e.g., Norwegian), natural save. To form the Indefinite plural add -(e)r to masculine (-en words) and to feminine (-a words) and to neuter nouns: Katter (cats),  gutter (boys),  jenter (girls), vinduer (windows). et barn (a child), et bord (a table) etc. In English the -s ending means plural, and the is the definite article. There are no simple rules for knowing which noun belongs to which gender; the only way of learning is to memorize it.