Another thirteenth-century law prohibited masked people from gambling. 1. This mask … Priscila Siano is the Marketing Director of Tour Italy Now, an online tour operator specializing in Italy travel. Encyclopedia of Plague and Pestilence by George C. Kohn (ed. The Medico della peste costume consisted of an ankle length black overcoat and/or gown made from heavy fabric and usually waxed, protective gloves and a bird-like mask with a long beak. The Carnevale di Venezia is one of the most famous carnivals around the world, and a charming characteristic of the city. The distinctive mask was generally white with two round eyes-holes covered with glass. While wearing a mask was a status symbol in the Venice of the 17th century, its use was subject to strict rules. The original masks were rather simple in design, decoration, and often had a symbolic and practical function. About 20 protesters, including … It is intrinsically linked to the history of Venice, as the city was hit by several plague outbreaks between 1361 and 1680. Below are a few examples of the different styles worn at the Venetian Carnival. 3 Types of Masks Historically one of the most commonly worn masks during Carnival was the bauta mask, a mask that only covers half the face and was sometimes accompanied by a tri-cornered hat … Originally one of the most popular masks of the Commedia del’Arte, from the Bergamo basso of the 16th century, Arlecchino is now a central figure in the modern Venetian Carnival. There are a few typically Venetian masks. Its origins are centuries old, and it still attracts thousands of tourists each year who arrive in Venice to admire the sumptuous costumes and masks parading in the streets and squares. With a nod to the romantic masks of the lavish, centuries-old Venetian … Creating masks … As is the case with all laws, we can only assume that they existed beca… The masks used back during the Carnival of Venice came in all types, many richly decorated with feathers and bright colors. Arlecchino. The mask is the main focus of the picture.The mask has pink, purple and red feathers, a golden mask, … Walking around Venice nowadays, you’ll see many types of masks, ranging from the simple to extraordinarily decorative art pieces. Like the Medico della peste, il Pantalone is a character of the Commedia del’Arte. A man could not dress himself as a woman, and prostitutes were not allowed to wear masks in public. After a 1,000 km road trip in a sanctuary of peace and silent poetry, here are 15 reasons to visit Molise, More than any other city in Italy, Trieste is inextricably linked to the world of coffee. on File, Inc., New York, 1995. on Sacra di San Michele: a Mysterious Monastery high up in the Mountains, Carnival of Venice: history and meaning of the different types of Venetian masks. Usually worn by women, the moretta is an oval, strapless, velvet mask with no opening for the mouth, that is held in place by a button clenched between the teeth, reason why it is also called a ‘mute mask’ or servetta muta. L-R: Colombina Musica, Colombina Stella Silver White, Colombina Mezza Sky BlueLooks like: It’s a half-mask that is often heavily decorated. Other names: Liberty, Olga, Valeri, Salome, Fantasia, Regina. Concerning different types of all Venetian masks, it is important to highlight two main groups: commedia dell’arte masks and carnival ones. Top 10 Italian towns where to celebrate carnival, Venetian bridges with the most unusual names, Squero San Trovaso: where Venetian gondolas are born. A very severe punishment was inflicted on any person violating these rules. The earliest accounts of Venetian masks are laws stating what Venetians could not do while wearing one. Bauta: Basic, full-face masks with a pointed chin and no mouth. Slow Italy explores different ways to (re)discover Italy, which are both inspiring and more sustainable, by creating benefits for the local communities and diverting travelers away from the usual, saturated tourism hot spots. Venetian Mask Characters Different Types and their Origin Commedia Dell'Arte is a popular form of improvisational theatre, which began in Italy during the 15th century, maintaining its popularity through … The character of Colombina usually wears ragged clothes to signify her status as a servant, but women nowadays who wear the mask usually pair it with elaborate costumes that represent their region. They are probably the most famous masks in the world, but not everyone knows that the origin of Venetian masks … One of the most iconic symbols of the Venetian carnival is the mask. It is ideally worn by people who want to engage in light banter while showing off their intelligence. Commedia dell'Arte was a form of popular … A handful of armed protesters affiliated with right-wing militias gathered outside the Michigan statehouse in Lansing on Sunday, according to reports. Italian Venetian Masks / Photo by Julius Venetian masks are often classified under two different categories. Even my young people on the trip fell in love with Montepulciano and Volterra. It is derived from one of the characters in the Italian theater Commedia dell’arte, who is usually depicted as an old man with a witty and intelligent personality. Twice daily during the Carnival of Venice a Best Masked Costume Contest takes place on Piazza San Marco. Originally, the Medico della peste was not a carnival mask, but an outfit invented by the French physician Charles de Lorme, and worn as a protection against the plague. It was invented by French phycisian Charles de Lorme as a way to protect against the plague. The masks is usually decorated with gliding. Carnevale is a truly grand celebration, especially in Venice. One of the more popular traditional masks of the Venetian carnival, the Bauta features a white mask made of fine white cloth. This mask is the feminine version of the Bauta mask… In this article, I will give a brief background of the history of venetian masquerade masks, and a quick overview of the different types of venetian masks … Genoa, like Turin, is one of these fascinating Italian cities that remain off the tourist radar. Some historians believe that the impact of the Italian plague on life and commerce was such that it ultimately resulted in the downfall of the Republic of Venice. Another explanation is that birds did not get the plague, which might have been another reason why doctors adopted this outfit. Those are just but a few masks, there are more such as Brighella, La Raffiana, Scaramuccia, and Arlecchino. See more ideas about Venetian mask, Mask, Masks masquerade. Typical Venetian Carnival Masks Join our large community of over +75,000 followers on Facebook, Twitter, Stumbleupon, Linkedin, Google+ and Instagram: Slow Italy® is the first slow traveler’s guide to Italy and the Italian way of life. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Masks have always been an essential component of the Venetian carnival. It is recognized as one of the most ancient of Venetian masks. Our Complete Guide to Italian craft beers, Nardò, the big-hearted, sleeping beauty (Salento, Puglia), Italia Sparita – A Story about Little Things and Big Emotions, How Slow is Slow ? Today, costumes worn at the Carnival vary to a certain degree from the original characters and often combine various elements of different origin. It has a very distinct look consisting of a mask with a long and hollow beak-like nose with round eyes. Our Complete Guide to Italian craft beers, on Nardò, the big-hearted, sleeping beauty (Salento, Puglia), on Italia Sparita – A Story about Little Things and Big Emotions, on How Slow is Slow ? They mainly fall into two categories: See more ideas about venetian masks, masks masquerade, carnival masks. With lavish decorations and colorful costumes, people fill the event with a vibrant energy that adds to its festivity. Please send me my FREE Insider Italy Vacation Checklist with the insider travel secrets I'll need for a perfect Italy vacation. It was usually worn by men who want to disguise themselves as women. The first slow traveler’s guide to Italy and the Italian way of life. Italy is awesome! By the founder of YourguidetoItaly.com, who has been promoting  a slow and deeper way of traveling in Italy since 2005. These masks can be broadly classified in to two types - Commedia dell'arte masks and the Carnival masks. Let us help you plan your dream trip to Italy. The name Bauta actually refers to the entire costume and not just the mask. … BOOK MUSEUM TICKETS, TOURS & ATTRACTIONS! Unauthorized use and/or duplication of any part of the site’s contents without written and express permission from the owner is prohibited. The costume consists of a tricorn black hat, a veil and a tabarro, a mantle, which doubles over the shoulders, originally white, deep-blue or red in color, and decorated with frills and fringes. It can be adorned with a variety of jewelry, feathers and other fabrics, which gives it a very ornate look. Required fields are marked *. He is an old, avid and petty merchant, wearing a black mantle, woolen cap, short trousers and long, red socks (pantaloni), the typical outfit of Venetian merchants. The five picturesque villages, known as the Cinque Terre, count among the most scenic and colorful villages of Italy. Originally used as a status symbol in the 17th century, it has many different meanings and functions during the event, with each type of mask having its own distinct look and symbolism. It has a square-ish design that gives it a wide chin and normally lacks a mouth. The word bauta refers not just to a mask, but to the entire outfit, worn indifferently by men … May 1, 2020 - All types of Venetians masks from around the world. TYpes of masks. Photo credits (top to bottom): lion © Luciano De Faveri; peacock feature costume © Lovrencg; cappuccino costume © mandymin; orange feathers costume by Paolo Vercesi; bird © edouarrr ; bauta © missiaja; plague doctor by JanvanSchijndel; Pantalone church by Divot; Gnaga © neirfy; Arlecchino © Lovrencg. 3. We had a great time, a little rain, but all in all, it was amazing. Masks can be made out of many materials and can be made in many different styles. The idea was to keep away bad smells, as they were thought to be the main cause of the disease. Far from the crowds and the usual archaeological sights and main cities, Sicily still reserves any number of hidden treasures. The traditional Gnaga outfit includes female clothing and a mask portraying a female cat. This peculiar Venetian half mask has a distinctive cat-like look. To contact us please use our contact form. Venetian masks: types, prices and … beware of imitations! The mask itself features a long and hooked nose with slanted eyes. One of the more popular traditional masks of the Venetian carnival, the Bauta features a white mask made of fine white cloth. It usually has a large headpiece that may have bells attached, with the mask’s features having a short nose and arched brows for a more comical effect. It is usually worn with a black tricorn hat, a veil and a mantle that is worn over the shoulders to complete the costume. The typical mask worn with this costume is the larva, a mainly white mask whose particular shape allows the wearer to eat and drink without removing it. on Not just blondes! Carnival started as a time for celebration where all social classes would mingle, and the fact of wearing a mask offered a unique possibility to remain anonymous, enjoying the advantages that such condition brought with it. Mask types; Mask Types: ... but most of the time they are tied around the head like most other Venetian masks. A more plausible theory is that the mask’s name derives from pianta-leone (plant-the-lion), referring to the Venetian habit to ‘plant’ their flag (bearing a winged lion as the traditional symbol of Venice) everywhere they set foot. Finished with pearls and bells. Bauta. In 1339, the Republic’s lawmakers specifically outlawed vulgar disguises and visiting convents while wearing a mask. Call or email us and a Travel Expert will get back to you within 24 hours. Phantom of The Opera (Eye Mask) Phantom of The Opera (Eye Mask) authentic venetian mask in papier mache handcrafted according to the original Venice carnival tradition. Types of Venetian Masks. Usually seen as a heavily decorated half mask worn by women, it takes its origins from the Commedia dell’arte and is considered the female version of the Bauta. Venetian Mask • What are the different types of Venetian masks?Laura S. Harris (2020, December 23.) The bauta was one of the most popular costumes of the Old Carnival, especially in the eighteenth century, and remained in vogue well into the modern Carnival. Since the 18th c. the town has been the Mediterranean’s main coffee harbor. The mask is coupled with an ankle length overcoat made of black fabric, as well as waxed, protective gloves. Yes! Its name derives from the word moro which means ‘black’ in Venetian. It was, for example, forbidden to wear masks outside the carnival time (and other well-defined, specific times) or in sacred places, such as churches. Unfortunately, because of its restrictive design, its wearer cannot eat or drink anything without taking it off. Also available in Red, Blue and Black … This mask covers the cheeks, eyes and sometimes the nose of whomever wears it. Jan Miel, Commedia dell’arte Troupe on a … It usually has a simple design and not as lavish as other carnival masks. All content on this website, including graphics, articles and photographs, is copyright of Slow Italy®. Your email is never shared. Venetian masks are of three types: “maschere di Carnevale,” to be worn out and around, “maschere decorative,” made to be used as a decoration at … In a society where social classes were very well defined and not intended to interact with each other, wearing a mask allowed to hide any form of identification based on origin, age, gender or religion. The name Bauta actually refers to the entire costume and not just the mask. © Slow Italy, 2005-2021. Its name is taken from the Italian phonetic of a cat’s meowing (“gnau”). It has an unusual history tied to this mask. One theory suggests that it is derived from San Pantaleone one of the Saints of Venice who has a church dedicated to his memory in the sestiere Dorsoduro. Nov 20, 2018 - Explore Ngaere Sutton's board "venetian mask types" on Pinterest. Ironically, it was precisely because of the outfit that plague doctors were less susceptible to get the disease, as the overcoat acted as a sort of cloak which prevented the fleas (the real cause of the infection) to get to the doctor’s skin. It is usually worn with a black tricorn hat, a veil and a mantle that is worn over the shoulders to complete the costume. Chowhound Italy Board: Where the Serious Foodies Hangout, The Tipping Point to Booking An Italy Tour. The main types of Venetian masks are the bauta, moretta, gnaga, medico della pesta, pantalone, arlechino, colombina (see further). Its particular shape still allows the wearer to eat or drink without having to remove the mask. It is commonly seen even in modern times and has many variations in terms of decorations and style. It was often worn with a basket under the arm, which usually contained a little kitten. Ancient Umbria is the territory once inhabited by the Umbri, the people who had settled east of the Tiber river in pre-Roman times. This mask has the classic Harlequin features, which include a colorful outfit and exudes a very flamboyant style. Venetian masks can be made of leather, porcelain or using the original glass technique. Follow us on Twitter, Instagram, Google+ and on Facebook. GRAB OUR ITALY VACATION GUIDE & CHECKLIST. He is portrayed with a hook nose, protruding eyebrows, a pointy goatee, while a black domino conceals half of his face. Today they are often made of hand-painted gesso or papier-mâché and decorated with feathers and gems. Venetian Carnival Masks. His full title is Pantalone de’Bisognosi, also known as Il Magnifico, or Babilonio. Originally Venetian masks were made of leather, porcelain or glass and had a practical or symbolic function. If we get the opportunity to go again, I will... Shana Estabrooks (Sharpsburg, GA)Customized Vacation, April 2012. 2. This design was inspired by 16th century Venetian doctors who believed that adopting this look protected them from disease and plague that was prevalent during this time. There are many different types of masquerade masks out there, and many people, even ones who have attended a masquerade ball, are still in the dark about the true origins of masquerade masks and venetian masks. What are the different types of Venetian masks? It had two small nose holes and acted as a kind of respirator (or primitive gas mask), filled with spices, pungent herbs, camphor and other strong aromatic substances, that supposedly purified the air plague victims had breathed. Located at 10 km of Turin, the Basilica of Superga, site of a regal vow and of a terrible tragedy, is one of these sites where history and story meet. Read more. The friendly salesman with his rough knowledge of English showed me the various types of these masks and that was a surprise for me. Competitors parade on stage, challenging each other with their masks, costumes, feathers, wigs and caps. They are made with the application of gesso, a white paint mixture, and gold leaf and are all hand-painted using natural feathers and gems to decorate. Worn during Carnival in Venice, these world-famous masks date back to … Venetian Red Carnival Mask, Venice, Italy A DSLR photo of a Red Venetian Carnival mask in Venice, Italy. Masks were an integral part of the Venetian carnival. Several theories exist as to why plague doctors wore this bird-like costume. 2.1 Volto mask. Another mask tied to Commedia dell’arte, the character of Arlecchino is known as the servant of Pantalone and the lover of Colombina. The mantle and veil worn with this costume made it easy to conceal arms, which forced the State of Venice to issue several decrees regulating the wearing of costumes. The person wearing the costume would usually behave like a plebeian courtesan, uttering acute sounds and mocking meows. Pingback:Top 10 most popular articles of 2013. Bauta Masks – The one that covers the whole face, with a stubborn chin line, no mouth, and lots of gilding was Bauta. It is typically worn with a three-cornered hat and a cloak, which adds to its mysterious aura. Venice Carnival masks fall into several categories: Commedia dell'Arte masks are based on traditional characters like Harlequin and Pierrot. Also called Larva (meaning ghost in Latin) is an iconic Venetian Carnival mask. Italy is awesome! A law of 1268 forbade masked people from playing certain games. It has a square-ish design that gives it a wide chin and normally lacks a mouth. Pantalone is one of the most ancient Venetian masks. In our days this is probably the most popular and most beautiful mask type used during the Venetian Carnival. The most severe one, in 1630–31, recorded casualties of 46,000 people out of a population of 140,000. This newest wall mask by famed Italian artist Veronese offers up magnificent style and artistry in a scaled ornamental jester wall mask. A common Venetian mask is the Gnaga, part of a costume worn by men disguised as women. Here are at least ten reasons why the bubbling and inspiring city of Turin should definitely be on your Italy bucket list. Various theories exist as to the origin of the name. The word bauta refers not just to a mask, but to the entire outfit, worn indifferently by men and women. The Commedia Dell’Arte Masks represent theater and represent characters, … Volto masks feature a simple style that covers the entire face, giving the wearer complete anonymity from others. They are light and comfortable to wear. Its particular shape still allows the wearer to eat or drink without having to remove the mask. Nowadays, Venetian masks are a much more elaborate affair. Some of the most beautiful villas on the Amalfi Coast, Lake Como, Capri, in Tivoli, Tuscany and the Castelli Romani. 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How Venetian masks are made In our … Fantasy masks are figments of the maskmaker's imagination, … This mask takes its origins from outside of the Venetian carnival setting. She's a respected expert on making dream Italy vacations a reality for clients. The sweetheart of Arlecchino, Colombina (also known as Arlecchina), is not a true mask, as the Servetta wears her own face or, more rarely, a half-mask, only assuming the costume and dialect of the region she chooses to represent. GATTO (means cat in Italian) is … Photographs used on this website by permission or license remain the property of their respective owners. Types of Masks Jolly: A stunning, full-faced Venetian masquerade mask with points made of highly decorative document paper. Columbine Masks – The half mask highly decorated with gold, silver, crystals and feathers, held up to the face by a baton or tied with ribbon as with most other Venetian masks was Columbine. ), Facts. As such, it came with ordinary women’s clothing and a small basket under the arm, usually containing a kitten. Manufactured in Venice by the … The Arlecchino mask: a motley history Born in the poor district of Bergamo, the history of this mask is surrounded by mystery... A well-grounded hypothesys claims … (Rant, thoughts and what Slow Italy stands for), on Italy’s most awe-inspiring, smaller lakes you’ve probably never heard of, on Top 15 reasons that make Molise the new coolest region to visit in Italy, The Mysterious Park of the Monsters of Bomarzo, Sacra di San Michele: a Mysterious Monastery high up in the Mountains, Combining Rome sightseeing with a trip to the picturesque Island of Ponza (Follow our photo tour), 10 Reasons why Turin should be on your Italy bucket list, 10 reasons to visit Genoa next time you are in Italy, Top 10 Historic cafés and pastry shops in Trieste, Not just blondes! 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